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Mattress Stitch – How To Seam Knitting


Mattress stitch is a great seaming technique to use for sewing knitted pieces together.  It’s really simple to learn and it is practically invisible.  There are loads of ways to seam knitting but I think this is a great place to start.

One of the most important things to learn with knitting is how to sew knit seams.  Why?

Because you’ve spent hours, days, weeks and maybe even months knitting up something wonderful and it can be ruined so easily if it isn’t sewn up properly.

That beautiful stitch pattern you used for your sweater will go unnoticed if your knitted pieces look like they’ve been slapped together.

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I’ve been there and my wonderful knitting just got tossed aside.  In fact I even thought of giving up knitting.  After all what was the point in spending weeks on something only to sew it up and have it look like a dogs breakfast.

But I finally learned and….the crazy thing about knitting seams is that it is really, really easy.  I wish I knew way back.  It could have saved so much frustration.

Mattress stitch has many uses.  The one use that it is best known for is sewing vertical seams like the sides of a sweater.  But you can use it wherever you think it will work.

Things to keep in mind before you sew knitted pieces

  • If you know ahead of time that you will be sewing knitting you can leave a long enough tail so that you can use it.  It will save you from weaving in another yarn end
  • Try to use the same yarn you knit your pieces with.  If it’s really thick you might want to either find a yarn a bit thinner that comes close to the same color you used.  Or you may want to try some embroidery thread.  Embroidery thread comes in many different colors so you can be sure you’ll find one that matches.
  • Use a length of yarn no more than about 16 inches long.  It does get worn from the sewing after awhile.

I have lots of pictures to help you.  After all, it just may take that one extra picture for you to completely understand how to do it.  That’s what happened with me when I finally learned.  One or two pictures and finally it clicked with me.  Sewing knitting finally made sense and I understood how to work the mattress stitch.

As always I’m using a contrasting yarn so that you can see what I’m doing.

Mattress Stitch Seaming Instructions

mattress stitch

If you take a look at your knitting, these are the edge stitches, sometimes called the selvedge edge.  Lots of times it is kind of messy but no worries, it will all be sewn up and no one will see it.

mattress stitch

Lay your two knitted pieces out with the right side facing you just like the photo.

mattress stitch

What you want to do is gently separate the edge stitches from the knitting stitches beside it.  See in the photo.  Those bars are what you will be using to mattress stitch your pieces together.

                        mattress stitch               mattress stitch

Thread your yarn needle and push it through the very last stitch on one piece of fabric (above left photo)  If you’d like to keep it in place just push it through the same loop again (right photo) to kind of tie it so it won’t move around. (I don’t usually do this but you may like too).

mattress stitch

Next, move over to the other knitted piece and push the yarn needle through the very last stitch on that one.  You don’t need to tighten the pieces yet, just keep it pretty loose like in my photo.

You’ll see why in a bit.

                     mattress stitch                       mattress stitch

Sometimes you may find that when you start to sew you knitted piece you have one lonely bar just at the beginning of your seaming.  If you do see just one bar you can put your yarn needle through that one bar.  Whatever you do on one side of your knitting needs to be done the same on the other side to keep them even.

                      mattress stitch                       mattress stitch

So move over to the other side and push your yarn needle through that one bar as well (above left photo). Bring the yarn through.  This will keep it even with the other side.

Some knitters like to go through one bar all the way up their knitting and others go through 2 bars.  It’s just a matter of preference. I like going through 2 bars so from now on I will be going through 2.

mattress stitch

Now move over to the other piece of fabric.  Always go back to the same place you came out of previously.

                        mattress stitch                  mattress stitch

Push your yarn needle through those next 2 bars. And bring the yarn through.

                        mattress stitch                  mattress stitch

Move over to your other piece and go into the same place you came out of before (above left photo), pushing your needle through those next 2 bars and pull yarn through (right photo).

Keep on mattress stitching back and forth for about an inch and then stop a minute.

Here’s the magic moment.

                        mattress stitch                    mattress stitch

Take your yarn and firmly pull on it to bring your knitted pieces together.  Try not to pull too tightly but if you do just stretch it back into shape.  Isn’t that cool?  I just love this part.  You can’t even really see the red yarn.  I just love the mattress stitch.

                         mattress stitch                    mattress stitch

Now just continue seaming up your knitting going from one side to the other side.  Every inch to inch and a half pull on your yarn to bring the pieces together.

mattress stitch

Keep on seaming all the way up to the top. Pull on the yarn to bring the pieces together.

mattress stitch

Here’s what I do at the top.  I put my yarn needle through the loop on the other piece like in the photo. Tighten it up a bit.

                          mattress stitch                 mattress stitch

Then just bring the needle through the loop to kind of knot it and pull. Now you can weave that end in as well.

mattress stitch

There ta-da.  Looks really good doesn’t it?  You can’t even see the red yarn.  Oh I know that my poor swatch is stretched but even still it looks pretty cool.  When you actually work the mattress stitch on your knitting it will look excellent and you won’t even see the seam.

mattress stitch

And this is what it looks like on the wrong side.  I know it is quite a big looking seam right?  It’s OK you won’t notice it and it’s not noticeable or uncomfortable at all.  Best thing is, it hides the ugly edge stitches.

I found a great video showing you how to work this seaming technique.

Grab a cup of tea and have a look…

 Mattress Stitch Knitting Video

Hope this helps. Enjoy.

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6 thoughts on “Mattress Stitch – How To Seam Knitting


  1. This vertical seaming technique is amazing. My dilemma is finding a smooth seaming technique for seaming horizontally – for joining the front and back pieces of a sweater to make the shoulder seam. No matter what I do, it always looks messy. Can you direct me to a good technique for that?

  2. Have been knitting for years but have never used mattress stitch until now. What brilliantly clear instructions! Thank you so much.

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